Paris Agreement Traduction

The Paris Agreement is an international treaty aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement is supported by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and came into force on 4 November 2016. According to the UNFCCC, the agreement aims to limit temperature rises in the 21st century to less than 2 degrees Celsius and to encourage initiatives that reduce the rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius or less. Negotiators of the agreement said that the INDCs presented at the time of the Paris conference were not sufficient. concerned that aggregate greenhouse gas emission estimates for 2025 and 2030, resulting from projected national contributions, are not covered by the most cost-effective scenarios at 2oC, but result in a forecast level of 55 gigatonnes. In 2030, and acknowledging that “much greater efforts will be needed to reduce emissions in order to keep the increase in the global average temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius by reducing emissions to 40 gigatonnes or 1.5 degrees Celsius.” [25] [Clarification needed] The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Conference (COP21) in December 2015. How each country is on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be constantly monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker [95] and the climate clock). In addition, countries are working to reach “the global peak in greenhouse gas emissions” as soon as possible. The agreement has been described as an incentive and engine for the sale of fossil fuels. [13] [14] The implementation of the agreement by all member states combined will be evaluated every five years, with the first evaluation in 2023. The result will be used as an input for new national contributions from Member States.

[30] The inventory will not be national contributions/achievements, but a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. It will also enable the contracting parties to gradually strengthen their contributions to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the agreement. To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures. The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to fulfil commitments that are strictly the other` and there was concern that differences of opinion on each Member State`s share of the EU reduction target and the British vote to leave the EU would delay the Paris Pact. [72] However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement[60] and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States. [72] On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S. President Barack Obama said, “Even if we achieve every goal…